첫 ‘마이클의 무료 토익’ 학습으로 감정에 관련된 어려운 영어 단어를 살펴보겠습니다. 이 단어와 유의어도 한번 외워보세요. 다음에 독해, 듣기, 쓰기 학습에도 나올 거니까요. 아래 단어들은 쉬운 수준은 아니지만 원어민이면 다 알 정도예요. 일부러 쓸데없는 단어는 제외했습니다.
일단 아래 있는 단어를 한번 훑어보면서 정의에 대해서 생각해보고 알아맞혀보세요. 처음부터 답을 확인하는 것보다 더 효과적인 학습방법이에요.
그 다음에 단어 정의, 유의어와 예문을 자세히 보시고 가능하면 본인의 상황에 맞춰서 예문도 만들어 보세요.
마지막으로 빈 칸 채우기 시험을 쳐보세요. 모든 질문에 문법상으로는 말이 되는 답이 두세 개가 있는데 그 중에서 제일 자연스러운 것을 고르셔야 합니다.
이 전체 과정은 30분 정도 걸리는 게 적당하고 그보다 빨리 끝나면 너무 가볍게 보신 거예요. 철저하고 확실하게 배우는 게 우선이고 가볍게만 훑어보고 안 외우면 별 의미 없는 시간이 될 겁니다.
이 학습에 대한 동영상은 며칠 안에 나올 겁니다.
Lesson One (Vocabulary)
1. Appalled: (드물게) 소름끼치는 (흔하게) 어이없어하는
(유의어: to be blown away, to be taken aback)
- I was appalled by the treatment we received.
- I was appalled by the way he kept ignoring my text messages.
2. Burdened: 부담스러워하는, 부담을 느끼는
- I can’t be burdened with this right now.
- I’m burdened by the massive patient load.
3. Chagrined: 원통해하는, 분하게 여기는
(유의어: exasperated, indignant, vexed)
- Much to his chagrin, he was not invited to his ex’s birthday party.
- Much to my chagrin, I was not chosen to be the next host of the show.
- Much to my sister’s chagrin, her boyfriend of eight years recently said that he was no longer interested in her.
- Much to his chagrin, his crush told him she thinks that the two of them have nothing in common.
4. Crestfallen: 풀이 죽은, 의기소침한
(유의어: dejected, disheartened, to lose heart)
- He was crestfallen when he learned that he was not accepted to any of his first choice schools.
- She was crestfallen when her mother forbade her from attending the Halloween party in Itaewon.
5. Devastated: (지역에 대해서) 황폐한, (감정에 대해서) 망연자실한
(유의어: destroyed, shattered, traumatized)
- The city was devastated by a major earthquake back in 1998.
- South Korean farmers were devastated by a prolonged drought.
- She has been devastated since she learned of her friend’s death.
- He was devastated by the loss of the violin he had performed with since childhood.
6. Disappointed: 실망스러워하는
(유의어: let down, disillusioned)
- I was very disappointed by the way my son behaved today.
- I expected so much from him, but he really let me down.
- I promise I won’t let you down.
7. Discombobulated: 당황스러워하는
(유의어: ruffled, unsettled, disoriented)
- The sudden change in climate left him feeling very discombobulated.
- The patient was feeling discombobulated after returning to consciousness.
- I found him in a disoriented state.
8. Disgruntled: 불만을 품은
(유의아: aggrieved, irked, put out)
- The disgruntled worker vowed to return one day and take revenge on those who had mistreated him.
9. Flabbergasted: 황당해하는, 놀라는
(유의어: astonished, stunned, confounded, dumbstruck)
- The secretary was flabbergasted at the way the doctor had mistreated her.
10. Horrified: 충격 당한, 몸서리를 치는
(유의어: panicked, outraged, scandalized)
- I was horrified when I thought of what I had said in anger the day before.
- I was horrified to hear my sweet little daughter cussing up a storm.
11. Humiliated: 창피해하는
(유의어: mortified, to be put in one’s place)
- The actor was humiliated after forgetting his lines during the most important monologue of the show.
12. Incompetent: 무능한, (감당하기 어려워) 벅차하는
(유의어: inept, bungling, unfit, amateurish, unprofessional)
- Working amongst titans in my field, I am often left feeling incompetent.
13. Infatuated: 빠진, 매료된
(유의어: smitten, to be nuts about, to be head over heels about, obsessed with)
- I was immediately infatuated with her.
14. Ostracized: 소외, 따돌림 당한
(유의어: excluded, shunned, spurned, snubbed, blacklisted)
- During my high school years, I was often ostracized and picked on by the popular kids.
15. Overwhelmed: 압도 당한, 제압 당한, 벅차하는
(유의어: trounced, steamrolled, massacred, overcome, stirred)
- The workload there was just absolutely overwhelming.
16. Overworked: 과로한
(유의어: stressed out, overburdened, overloaded, worn out)
- I’ve been feeling really overworked recently.
17. Reeling: 휘청거리는, 어지러운, 혼란스러운
(유의어: shaken by, stunned by, aghast at)
- I’m still reeling from the breakup.
18. Speechless: 말문이 막힌
(유의어: to be at a loss for words, dumbstruck, dumbfounded)
- His verbal onslaught left me speechless for a good five minutes.
19. Startled: 놀란
(유의어: unsettled, agitated, disturbed)
- Oh! You startled me.
20. Unappreciated: 인정 받지 못하는
(유의어: unacknowledged, unthanked, undervalued, unrecognized)
- I feel so unappreciated at work.